I-FAQS yezithando zokuncibilika zensimbi zokungeniswa zokuncibilikisa insimbi-ithusi-ithusi-i-aluminium

Iziko lokuncibilikisa insimbi yokungeniswa lisetshenziswa kabanzi embonini yensimbi ukuncibilikisa izinhlobo ezahlukene zezinsimbi. Nansi imibuzo eyishumi evame ukubuzwa mayelana nalezi ziko:

  1. Siyini isithando somlilo esincibilikisa insimbi? An indwangu yokuncibilikisa yensimbi wuhlobo lwesithando somlilo esisebenzisa ukufakwa kukagesi ukushisa izinsimbi zize zincibilike. Umgomo wokushisisa okungeniswayo uhlanganisa ukudlulisa i-high-frequency alternating current (AC) ikhoyili, ekhiqiza inkambu kazibuthe engenisa imisinga ensimbi, ibangele ukushisa futhi ekugcineni incibilike.
  2. Yiziphi izinsimbi ezingancibilika esithandweni sokungeniswa? Iziko lokungeniswa zingasetshenziselwa ukuncibilikisa izinhlobonhlobo zezinsimbi nama-alloys, okuhlanganisa insimbi, insimbi, insimbi engagqwali, ithusi, i-aluminium, igolide, isiliva, nezinsimbi ezihlukahlukene eziyigugu. Ukufaneleka kwezinsimbi ezahlukene kuncike ekuklanyeni namandla kwesithando somlilo esithile.
  3. Sisebenza kahle kangakanani isithando somlilo esincibilikisa insimbi esingeniswayo uma siqhathaniswa nezinye izinhlobo zeziko? Izithando zokungenisa umlilo ngokuvamile zisebenza kahle kakhulu kuneziko elivamile elisekelwe ekushiseni. Baguqula amandla kagesi abe ukushisa nokulahlekelwa okuncane, futhi inqubo ngokuvamile iyashesha futhi iyalawuleka. Ukusebenza kahle kwamandla kungasukela ku-60% kuya phezulu ku-85%, kuye ngomklamo wesithando somlilo nezimo zokusebenza.
  4. Ingabe isithando somlilo sokungenisa singasetshenziselwa ukuncibilika kwezinga elincane? Yebo, akhona amaziko amancane afakwayo atholakalayo okwenziwa ngabucwebe, abadwebi, nezindawo zokusebenzela ezincane ezidinga ukuncibilikisa izinsimbi ezincane. Lawa angahluka ngosayizi ukusuka kumayunithi amatafula amancane kuya kwamakhulu, kodwa asahlangene, amasistimu.
  5. Angakanani amandla okuncibilika kwesithando sokungenisa izinto? Umthamo wokuncibilika uncike kusayizi kanye nomklamo wesithando somlilo sokungeniswa. Angakwazi ukusuka kumakhilogremu ambalwa ekusebenzeni kwezinga elincane kuya kumathani amaningi okusebenza kwezimboni.
  6. Isithando somlilo esingeniswayo silawula kanjani izinga lokushisa? Iziqhumiso zokungeniswa ngokuvamile zisebenzisa ama-thermocouples namanye amadivaysi okuqapha izinga lokushisa, kanye nezilawuli zikagesi, ukulawula ngokunembile izinga lokushisa lensimbi encibilikisiwe. Ukunikezwa kwamandla kungalungiswa ngesikhathi sangempela ukuze kugcinwe izinga lokushisa olifunayo.
  7. Ingabe zikhona izinto ezingenakuncibilika esithandweni sokungeniswa? Izinsimbi eziningi zingancibilika esithandweni sokungeniswa, kodwa izinto ezithile ezinamaphoyinti ancibilikayo aphezulu kakhulu noma lezo ezingezona i-conductive, njengama-ceramics athile, azikwazi ukuncibilika ngokuqondile ngokufakwa. Izinsimbi ezinamaphoyinti ancibilika aphezulu kakhulu zingase zidinge izithando zomlilo ezikhethekile eziklanyelwe ukufinyelela amazinga okushisa aphezulu.
  8. Yiziphi izinto ezithinta ukuphepha ngokusebenzisa isithando somlilo sokuncibilika? Ukukhathazeka okuyinhloko kwezokuphepha kuvela emazingeni okushisa aphezulu kanye namandla okusha noma imililo. Kufanele kugqokwe izinto zokuzivikela ezifanele, futhi izimiso zokuphepha kufanele zilandelwe ngokuqinile. Ukwengeza, amandla kazibuthe anamandla akhiqizwe yisithando somlilo angathinta izinto zikagesi kanye nemidiya yokugcina kazibuthe, futhi angaba yingozi kubantu abanama-pacemaker.
  9. Isithando somlilo sokungeniswa sithinta kanjani izakhiwo zensimbi encibilikayo? Ngenxa yokuthi ukushisa kwe-induction kuyalawuleka kakhulu futhi kungasetshenziswa ngokufanayo, kungasiza ukuqinisekisa ikhwalithi yensimbi engaguquki futhi kunganciphisa i-oxidation ngokuncibilikisa insimbi endaweni elawulwayo. Lokhu kungaholela ekuncibilikeni okuhlanzekile okunokungcola okumbalwa.
  10. Yiziphi izimfuneko zokunakekelwa kwesithando somlilo esincibilikayo? Ukunakekela kuhlanganisa nokuhlolwa njalo kwekhoyili yokungeniswa ukuze ikwazi ukuqhekeka noma ukuguga, ukuhlola amasistimu okupholisa amanzi ukuthi awavimbekile yini noma avuzayo, ukuqinisekisa ukuthi zonke izixhumo zikagesi ziqinile, nokuthi ugesi usebenza ngendlela efanele. I-crucible nayo idinga ukuhlolwa okuvamile ukuthi igugile futhi kufanele ishintshwe njengoba kudingeka. Ukuseviswa okuvamile ngochwepheshe abaqeqeshiwe kunconywa ukunciphisa isikhathi sokuphumula nokwelula impilo yezinto zokusebenza.

Iziko lokuncibilikisa insimbi ye-induction ziyizinhlelo zokuncibilika ezithuthukisiwe eziklanyelwe ukuncibilikisa insimbi kusetshenziswa ubuchwepheshe bokushisisa bokungeniswa. Ngezansi kukhona ezinye izici ezinemininingwane mayelana nezithando zokuncibilikisa insimbi:

Ukusebenza Isimiso:

Ukushisa ukushisa kwenzeka lapho i-alternating current (AC) idlula ku-conductor yethusi eboshiwe, idale inkambu kazibuthe eshintshana ngokushesha. Le nsimu ingena ensimbi ngaphakathi kwekhoyili, ikhiqize imisinga kagesi ngaphakathi kwensimbi - lezi zaziwa ngokuthi ama-eddy currents. Ukumelana nale misinga e-edi ngaphakathi kwensimbi kukhiqiza ukushisa, okubuye kuncibilikise insimbi.

Izingxenye:

An indwangu yokuncibilikisa yensimbi ngokuvamile iqukethe izingxenye eziyinhloko ezilandelayo:

  • I-Induction Coil: Yenziwe ngeshubhu yethusi, idala inkambu kazibuthe edingekayo ukuze ifake imisinga ensimbi.
  • Ukunikezwa kwamandla kagesi: Iguqula amandla e-AC abe yifrikhwensi edingekayo futhi inikeze amandla kukhoyili.
  • I-Crucible: Isitsha ngokuvamile esenziwe ngezinto eziphikisayo noma insimbi, lapho insimbi ibekwa futhi incibilike.
  • shell: Izindlu ezivikelayo eziqukethe ikhoyili kanye ne-crucible, evame ukuhlonyiswa ngamasistimu okupholisa amanzi ukuze kulawuleke ukushisa.

Izinzuzo:

  • Ukuphumelela: Iziqhumiso zokungeniswa zingaguqula kufikela ku-85% wamandla asetshenziswe ekushiseni okuwusizo.
  • Control: Lezi ziko zivumela ukulawula okunembile kwezinga lokushisa nezimo zokuncibilika.
  • Speed: Izinsimbi zingancibilika ngokushesha ngenxa yokusetshenziswa okuqondile kokushisa.
  • Ukuhlanzeka: Inqubo ihlanzekile kuneziko lendabuko njengoba ingekho imikhiqizo ephuma kumlilo.
  • Ivumelana Nemvelo: Akukho ukukhishwa kwekhabhoni okukhiqizwa ngqo yisithando somlilo.
  • Ukuphepha: Aphephe kakhudlwana njengoba awadingi ukuphatha amagesi avuthayo noma izinto ezivuthayo.

Okumbi:

  • Cost: Izindleko zokusetha nokugcinwa kwazo zingaba phezulu uma kuqhathaniswa neziko ezivamile.
  • Ukusetshenziswa kwamandla: Nakuba zisebenza kahle, zingadinga amandla amaningi, okungabiza kakhulu kuye ngamanani kagesi wendawo.
  • Izinga Lekhono: Abaqhubi kumele baqeqeshwe ngendlela efanele ukuphatha nokugcina lezi zinhlelo.

Izicelo:

  • Izindleko Eziyigugu: Ivame ukusetshenziswa embonini yobucwebe ukuncibilikisa igolide, isiliva, neplatinamu.
  • Izinsimbi Ezinomfutho: Isetshenziselwa ukuncibilikisa insimbi, insimbi, nensimbi engagqwali kukho kokubili imisebenzi yokusungula kanye nokwenza insimbi.
  • Izinsimbi Ezingaduduli: Ifanele ukuncibilika kwezinsimbi njenge-aluminium, ithusi, nethusi.
  • kabusho imikhiqizo esisebenzile: Iziqhumiso zokungeniswa zivamile ezindaweni zokugaywa kabusha kwensimbi ngenxa yokusebenza kahle kwazo kanye nekhono lokuphatha izinhlobo zensimbi ezihlukahlukene.

Okucatshangwayo Kwezomnotho:

Iziko lokuncibilikisa insimbi yokungeniswa, nakuba kungase kubize kakhulu ukukufaka, kungaholela ekwehliseni izindleko zokuncibilika ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngenxa yokusebenza kahle kwazo kwamandla kanye nesivinini sokuncibilika. Ukukhethwa kwesithando somlilo ngaphezu kwezinye izinhlobo kuncike ezintweni ezifana nohlobo lwensimbi ezoncibilika, izinga lokuncibilika elidingekayo, izindleko zamandla, nokucatshangelwa kwemvelo.

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